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The Gilmore Groin and Hernia Clinic
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A C E F G H I M O P R S T U V 

Abduction
movement of a limb away from the body (out to the side).

Adductor insertion site
the area where the adductor muscles attach to the pelvis on the inside of the groin at the top of the leg.

Adductor muscles
any muscle that pulls the limb inwards towards the body.

Aponeurosis
a thin, flattened tendon.

Conjoined tendon dehiscence
pulling apart of the combined tendon of the internal oblique and the transversus abdominus muscles.

Core stability
the ability of the central muscles of the trunk and abdomen to act as a base of support for efficient and effective limb movements.

Epigastric hernia
a hernia occurring through a defect in the rectus abdominus muscles above the umbilicus.

Eversion
a turning outwards.

External oblique
the outermost layer of the muscular wall of the abdomen.

Femoral hernia
a hernia occurring through a defect next to the femoral blood vessels. A type of groin hernia.

Flamingo x-ray
an x-ray of the pelvis taken standing on one foot and then the other to look for excessive movement of the pelvis ( see stork x-ray).

Groin disruption
a pulling apart of the muscles and tendons of the groin (musculo-tendinous disruption).

Hernia
the protrusion of part, or all, of the contents of a body cavity, through the wall of the cavity that normally contains those body parts.

Incisional hernia
a hernia through a previous scar.

Inguinal hernia
a hernia in the groin area of which there are several different types, e.g. indirect, direct, femoral.

Inguinal ligament
a fibrous band formed by the rolled over, bottom edge of the external oblique muscle. It extends from the pelvis on the side to the pubic tubercle near the middle.

Irreducible hernia
a hernia that cannot be pushed back.

Musculo-tendinous
relating to muscles and tendons.

Osteitis pubis
inflammation of the pubic bone towards the middle part of the pelvis at the front.

Pelvic instability
abnormal movement of the two side of the pelvis where they join at the front. Seen in a flamingo, or stork, x-ray.

Pubic tubercle
a nodule of bone toward the front of the pelvis, on each side, where the groin muscles attach.

Reducible hernia
a hernia that can be pushed back.

Rehabilitation programme
a program of exercise design to recover normal activity.

Stork x-ray
an x-ray of the pelvis taken standing on one foot and then the other to look for excessive movement of the pelvis ( see flamingo x-ray).

Superficial
near the surface.

Superficial inguinal ring
a gap in the fibres of the external oblique muscle that allows the testicular blood vessel to pass through in men, or the round ligament of the uterus in women.

Symphysis pubis
where the two halves of the pelvic bone join together at the front.

Tenotomy
division of a tendon

Umbilical hernia
a hernia occurring through the umbilicus.

Viscus

any body organ, but particularly applied to the organs in the abdomen. 

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